Home Career Resources COMPUTER APPLICATION & IT – Career Road Map



Computer Application is the most preferred career option for those who wish to join the IT sector as well as for those who have a quick thinking mind that can analyze the situation at hand and apply concepts towards solving them. It is more professionally oriented as compared to computer science and other similar alternatives. Education in Computer Application includes knowledge of computer fundamentals and programming concepts as well as learning and mastering programming languages. India, being a developing country, has a wide scope for those pursuing Computer Applications.


Computer Programmers

Computer programmers write programs in a variety of computer languages such as C++ and Java, update and expand existing programs, build and use computer-assisted software engineering (CASE) tools to automate the writing of some code, use code libraries to simplify writing and debug programs by testing for and fixing errors.

Software Developers

Software developers are concerned with facets of the software development process such as in design and coding, computer programming, project management, etc.

Web Designer

Web designers develop and create websites and associated applications. They work in a variety of industries and often as independent contractors and help create and maintain the product, as per the need of their client.

Database Administrator

DBA or Database Administrator are bestowed with the job of designing, implementation, maintenance, and repair of an organization’s database. Inter alia DBA professionals are also known as Database coordinators or database programmers in IT sector.

Web/Multimedia Programmer

A multimedia/web programmer works with different multimedia features such as, text, sound, graphics, digital photography, 2D/3D modelling, animation and video. The role demands a combination of both creative and technical skills.

Software Consultant

Software consultants are responsible for evaluating the client’s business and its IT processes to provide software solutions to enhance business efficiency.

Technical Writer

Technical writers have a blend of writing skills and knowledge of technology. As a technical writer one needs to write technical documents such as product descriptions, user manuals, design specifications, project plans and papers.

System Analyst

System Analysts research about the existing problems in systems and plan solutions for the problem. They also recommend solutions to software and system related problems and coordinate development between business development teams.


Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII with Any Stream with Maths (Computer Science is recommended) Pursue BCA/ BSc Computer Science for 3 years Pursue MCA for 2-3 years
Path 2
Clear Class XII in Science Stream with IT/Computer Science/ Similar Pursue B.Tech in Computer Science for 4 years Pursue M.Tech for 2 Years

Important Facts

  • Some colleges have Maths and Computer Science as mandatory subjects in Class XII
  • Must have passed class 12th or senior secondary examination with at least 50% marks including English
  • The minimum age limit is 17 years and the maximum age varies between 22-25 years for BCA Course


  • Design software, operating systems, network control systems and computer games
  • Produce computer applications, software and utility programmes based on user’s requirement
  • Design and develop website, mobile applications
  • Write codes and design programmes for operating systems and software
  • Design innovative IT solutions to drive businesses and increase efficiency
  • Make high level decisions in the architecture and designing of IT products and services
  • Collaborate with engineers or software developers to select appropriate design solutions
  • Ensure that network connectivity throughout a company’s LAN/WAN infrastructure is at par with technical considerations
  • Develop & implement the most efficient and cost-effective solutions for business requirement
  • Evaluate a client’s business and IT processes to provide software solutions to drive business efficiency

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